War Thunder background
Operation Typhoon
Attention! This news was published on the old version of the website. There may be some problems with news display in specific browser versions.

Junkers Ju 87 B-2 in winter camouflage during Operation Typhoon. This special camouflage can be purchased with Golden Eagles
or unlocked in-game by destroying 200 ground targets in Arcade Battles or 100 ground targets in Realistic or Simulator Battles.

Until 14.00 GMT on January 3rd, get the winter camouflage for Ju 87 B-2 at 50% discount (100 )

The name "Operation Typhoon" was given to the German offensive on the Eastern Front that began on 2nd October 1941. After the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, things were looking dire for the Red Army. To the north, Army Group "North" of the Wehrmacht marched through the Baltic States and managed to encircle Leningrad. To the south, German forces managed to capture Kiev, isolate the Crimean Peninsula as well as capture the strategic region of Donbas. Now they were preparing to launch an offensive towards the capital of the USSR itself – Moscow.

German Sturmgeschütze advancing
during Operation Typhoon

Army Group "Center", which was earlier involved in combat in Belarus and central USSR, was tasked with capturing the city. Even though on paper the force looked menacing, it had its own share of problems. The overstretched supply lines meant that resupplying was often prolonged, and many soldiers were not fully equipped for the fighting. Also, a lot of the tanks and armored vehicles needed maintenance from the earlier fighting. Regardless, Field Marshal Feodor von Bock still commanded a force of 2 million men, 1000 tanks and 549 aircraft. The force was supposed to attack towards Moscow, isolating any encountered Red Army forces in encircled areas (known as Kesseln).

On the Red Army side, the defense was being hastily prepared. Just before the offensive began, the Red Army could count on forces of the Reserve Front, commanded by Marshal Siemon Budionny, as well as the Briansk Front, commanded by Lieutenant General Andriei Yeromienko. The second line of defense consisted of the forces of the Western Front, commanded by Lieutenant General Ivan Koniev. Overall, the Red Army forces totalled around 1.3 million men, 3000 tanks and 545 planes.

Heavy M1931 Howitzer of the Red Army
supporting the defensive operations

On the 30th September the early phase of the operation began. The 2nd Panzer Army commanded by Colonel General Heinz Guderian began its assault on the town of Orel. Three days later the main phase of Operation "Typhoon" began, with the 3rd and 4th Panzer Armies attacking the Reserve Front forces around Viazma. The German assault was relentless, and even though the Soviet soldiers fought bravely they were quickly encircled near Viazma. At the same time, Guderian's forces captured Orel and encircled the Soviet forces in another Kessel near Briansk. Overall, 5 Soviet armies found themselves surrounded. While most of the soldiers were killed or captured, some managed to escape the encirclement and even staged some local counterattacks.

The success of the first thrust was, however, to be short-lived. With the stretched supply lines, exhausted soldiers and deteriorating weather, the initial success of the German assault could not maintain its momentum. The Red Army, even though defeated, managed to regroup and consolidate the defence perimeter around the capital. The pivotal fight for Moscow was just around the corner.

Author: Adam “BONKERS” Lisiewicz

Read more:
Earn the Churchill AVRE in the Operation Overlord Event!
  • 30 May 2024
Thunder Show: CLASSIC BOMB vs NUKE
  • 14 June 2024
Seek & Destroy: Improvements & Refinements
  • 14 June 2024
German Navy Day: Two Ships and a Decal!
  • 14 June 2024