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Search result : 40 planes

I-153P

The I-153P Chaika (Seagull) was a Soviet biplane fighter of the 1930s and 1940s. It was created by the Polikarpov Design Bureau in 1938. It is a modification (3rd variant) of the earlier I-15 fighter, as shown in the designation. The Chaika was considered to be the fastest biplane in the world.

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1940
I-16 Type 28

The I-16 was a Soviet single-engine monoplane fighter designed in the 1930s by the Polikarpov Design Bureau. As early as 1939 few remained unconvinced that the era of the I-16 was ending. Even the installation of the more powerful M-62 and M-63 engines did not allow serial examples to exceed 500 km/h. 

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1939
IL-10

The IL-10 Sturmovik was a Soviet WWII-era attack aircraft created by the Ilyushin Design Bureau in 1944. It first saw combat on 16th April 1945. Serial production of the IL-10 was set up at three factories, Numbers 1, 18 and 64 and continued for five years. 

Country : USSR
Type : Ground Attack
Year : 1944
IL-2

The famous IL-2 Sturmovik was a Soviet WWII-era attack aircraft created by the Ilyushin Design Bureau and nicknamed "Hunchback" by Red Army troops due to the distinct fuselage shape. The designers nicknamed their aircraft the "Flying Tank".

Country : USSR
Type : Ground Attack
Year : 1940
IL-2M

On 21st July 1941 the lead designer of the IL-2 Sergey Ilyushin sent a request to the People's Minister of Aviation, calling for improvement of the IL-2 by upgrading the engine to a 1,675-HP M-82 and increasing the aircraft's armour.

Country : USSR
Type : Ground Attack
Year : 1941
IL-4

The IL-4 long-range bomber was one of the most famous Soviet bombers of WWII. With thousands of IL-4s built, the aircraft took part in all the important battles of the Eastern Front, including long-range bombing raids of Axis industrial targets. A large number of books, including both memoirs and technical publications, focus on the IL-4. 


 

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1942
La-5FN

The Lavochkin La-5 was a single-engine monoplane fighter, a single-seater with an enclosed cockpit, wooden frame and a canvas skin. FN in the designation stands for Boosted, Fuel Injection. The new variant entered production and began to reach front-line units in March 1943.

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1943
La-7

The Lavochkin La-7 was a Soviet single-seat single-engine monoplane fighter. It was a further development of the La-5FN. The first prototype was built in January 1944, making its first flight on 2nd February and entering state trials on 16th February. 

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1944
LaGG-3

Together with two other fighters, this Soviet single-engine fighter replaced the obsolete I-16 and I-153, which at that time were the core fighters of the Soviet Air Force's RKKA. The LaGG-3 began appearing on the aviation scene in early 1941, several months prior to the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, and was manufactured at Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Goudkov until 1944.

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1941
MiG-15

The emergence of the new engines led to the creation of Soviet jet fighters able to compete with the leading models of the world. In 1947, the Mikoyan Design Bureau started the development of a front line fighter with a Nene (RD-45) turbojet engine and an airtight cockpit: the I-310 ("S").

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1948
MiG-9

In the end of 1945, the Mikoyan Design Bureau began the development of a jet fighter with two BMW-003 engines (producing 800 kg of thrust). On 24 April 1946, test pilot A.N. Grinchik first flew the prototype I-300 (F-1), the first Soviet fighter with a turbojet engine. The plane reached a speed of 920 km/h and had powerful armament: a 57mm N-57 cannon and two 23mm NS-23 cannons.

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1946
P-39K-1

In developing this aircraft, the Bell designers came up against two global problems. The first was that the P-39 was intended for export, and there was no way round this. The impossibility of fitting a turbo compressor to the low-altitude Allison engine... 

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1941
P-39Q-15

The Q series became the most numerous and advanced of all the Airacobra family. It was a direct successor of the N series. The whole propeller-engine group remained unchanged... 

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1941
Pe-2 (1-20 series)

The idea to create the Pe-2 front line dive bomber was born quite suddenly. The experiences of World War II, which had just recently started, showed that the concept of heavy twin-engine fighters was defective. The planes either failed miserably or had to play a different role in the conflict...

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber, Dive Bomber
Year : 1940
Pe-2 (110-204 series)

In June 1942, a new Toropov VUB-1 (a.k.a. B-270) upper turret mount began production. It began to be installed on all aircraft from series 110 onward. The VUB-1 was a shielded turret with a 200-round UBT machine gun and continuous belt feeding.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber, Dive Bomber
Year : 1942
Pe-2 (205-358 series)

By the summer of 1943, due to growing production volume and a general decrease in quality, the basic performance characteristics of production bombers had degraded to an intolerable level. The Factory No. 22 designers were tasked with drastically improving the quality of the bombers produced. The new chief designer, V. M. Myasishchev, was in charge of this work.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber, Dive Bomber
Year : 1943
Pe-2 (21-82 series)

Since the Pe-2's mass production had begun, its defensive armament was recognized by the military as weak for a modern bomber. Beginning with series 13 (launched in April to May of 1941), the ShKAS hatch mount was replaced with a VUB-2 turret with a 12.7mm BT machine gun and a magazine capacity of 200 rounds.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber, Dive Bomber
Year : 1941
Pe-2 (83-109 series)

Air battles during the first year of the war clearly showed that the Pe-2's armament did not provide effective self-defense. The Pe-2's Achilles' heel was it defense against attacks from the upper rear. This area was covered by the ShKAS machine gun in the TSS-1 mount, installed in the navigator's cockpit.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber, Dive Bomber
Year : 1942
Pe-2 (from 359 serie)

The final stage of mass production saw rather minor changes in the Pe-2's design. Beginning with series 359, all aircraft were equipped with individual exhaust pipes for the engines, and from series 382 on, a more powerful pneumatic starter was installed, changes were made to the sights...

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber, Dive Bomber
Year : 1944
Pe-3

When the Great Patriotic War began in the summer of 1941, the Air Force of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army urgently needed a patrol/interceptor aircraft to fight the enemy's bombers and scouts. But with a war in progress, troops could only quickly receive a twin-engined fighter if it were based on some plane currently in production. The older Pe-2's fighter design fit this need perfectly.

Country : USSR
Type : Heavy Fighter
Year : 1941
Pe-3 early

When the Great Patriotic War began in the summer of 1941, the Air Force of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army urgently needed a patrol/interceptor aircraft to fight the enemy's bombers and scouts. But with a war in progress, troops could only quickly receive a twin-engined fighter if it were based on some plane currently in production. The older Pe-2's fighter design fit this need perfectly.

Country : USSR
Type : Heavy Fighter
Year : 1941
Pe-3bis

In April 1942, the Pe-3bis, an improved version of the Pe-3, began full-scale production. The most significant improvements concerned the main armament: a 20 mm ShVAK cannon with 250 rounds was installed in the nose fuselage section.

Country : USSR
Type : Heavy Fighter
Year : 1942
Po-2

The U-2, or Po-2, was a multi-role biplane, created by Nikolay Polikarpov in 1928. The U-2 was designed as a primary civilian trainer and was forgiving and easy to fly. Its inaugural flight took place on 7th January 1928, with M. M. Gromov at the controls.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1927
SB 2M-100

This aircraft was designed in the Department of Aviation, Hydroaviation and Aircraft Prototype Engineering (AGOS) of the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI) under the direction of A. N. Tupolev and A. A. Arkhangelski. A prototype ANT-40-1 made its first flight on 7 October 1934.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1936
SB 2M-100A

After the SB bombers were launched into full-scale production, their manufacturing technique, assembly quality, and operational reliability continued to be improved. The designers hoped to make the aircraft's flight characteristics better by installing more powerful engines.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1936
SB 2M-100A spanish

A baptism of fire for the SB bombers occurred in the autumn of 1936, in the course of the Spanish Civil War. On October 23, 1936, the MS Stariy Bolshevik delivered the first SB 2M-100 bombers to the Spanish port of Cartagena.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1936
SB 2M-103

In 1937, designers under the direction of A. A. Arkhangelski began working to improve the SB even more. The aircraft received a 960 hp Klimov M-103 twelve-cylinder, V-shaped, liquid-cooled engine. The M-103 engine, created in 1936-37, was based on the M-100.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1938
SB 2M-103 MV-3

In 1937, designers under the direction of A. A. Arkhangelski began working to improve the SB even more. The aircraft received a 960 hp Klimov M-103 twelve-cylinder, V-shaped, liquid-cooled engine. The M-103 engine, created in 1936-37, was based on the M-100.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1938
SB 2M-103U

In 1937, designers under the direction of A. A. Arkhangelski began working to improve the SB even more. The aircraft received a 960 hp Klimov M-103 twelve-cylinder, V-shaped, liquid-cooled engine. The M-103 engine, created in 1936-37, was based on the M-100.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1938
SB 2M-103U MV-3

In 1937, designers under the direction of A. A. Arkhangelski began working to improve the SB even more. The aircraft received a 960 hp Klimov M-103 twelve-cylinder, V-shaped, liquid-cooled engine. The M-103 engine, created in 1936-37, was based on the M-100.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1938
SB 2M-105

In the autumn of 1940, the SB-2M-105 variant was launched into full-scale production, equipped with 1,100 hp Klimov M-105 twelve-cylinder, V-shaped, water-cooled engines and VISh-22Ye propellers.

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1940
Su-2

This project was developed as an entry in the 1936 competition for the best high-speed long-range ground-attack reconnaissance plane, to be known as the "Ivanov." The design and construction were completed in a record time of 6 months. The first flight of the SZ-1 (SZ: "Stalin's Mission"), with an M-62 engine, was made on August 25, 1937. 

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1941
Su-2 M-82

Development of the Su-2 continued after the start of World War II. Special attention was given to improving the aircraft's combat characteristics. The production model had its electric trigger control upgraded, four ShKAS machine guns were once again mounted in the wings...

Country : USSR
Type : Ground Attack, Bomber
Year : 1941
Su-2 MV-5

In December of 1940, the BB-1 was renamed the Su-2, after designer Pavel Osipovich Sukhoi, and began to be constructed with the M-88 engine.

Country : USSR
Type : Ground Attack, Bomber
Year : 1941
SU-2 TSS-1

In December of 1940, the BB-1 was renamed the Su-2, after designer Pavel Osipovich Sukhoi, and began to be constructed with the M-88 engine. The bulky MB-5 tail turret was replaced with a TSS-1 turret, with a ShKas 7.62mm machine gun and 900 rounds of ammunition.

Country : USSR
Type : Ground Attack, Bomber
Year : 1941
Tu-2

This aircraft was designed by OKB-29 of the NKVD's Special Technical Bureau, under the direction of Andrei N. Tupolev, as a twin-engine bomber to operate near the front lines and in raids at the enemy's rear (the project was called "FB," which stood for "front-line bomber").

Country : USSR
Type : Bomber
Year : 1942
Yak-1B

The Yak-1 is a Soviet single-engine fighter of the WWII era. It was the first combat aircraft designed by Alexander Yakovlev's construction bureau and was produced from 1940 to 1944, with a total of 8,700 aircraft built.

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1942
Yak-3

The Yak-3 was a Soviet single-engine fighter of the WWII era. It was the first combat aircraft designed by Alexander Yakovlev's construction bureau. The Yak-3 was a further modification of the Yak-1, produced in 1944 and 1945, with a total of 4,848 built, and considered one of the best fighters of the war.

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1944
Yak-7B

This Soviet single-engine fighter was based on the Yak-7UTI, a tandem-seat advanced trainer based on the Yak-1. The first Yak-7B rolled off the production line at Yakovlev in 1942; the last one was made in 1944.

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter
Year : 1942
Yak-9T

The Yak-9 was a Soviet single-engine fighter of the WWII era. It was the first combat aircraft designed by Alexander Yakovlev's construction bureau. The most mass-produced Soviet fighter of the war, it remained in production from October 1942 to December 1948, with a total of 16,769 built. 


 

Country : USSR
Type : Fighter, Ground Attack
Year : 1942
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