The Hawker Hurricane was the most popular World War II British fighter plane.
The Hurricane was the result of the Hawker company’s efforts to create a monoplane fighter based on one of the best biplane fighters of the time, the Fury. The fuselage required minimal changes to install a closed cockpit; the tail unit was taken from the plane’s predecessor. The landing gear were made retractable using a hydraulic drive. The engine selected was a Rolls-Royce Merlin, and the plane was given eight 7.7 mm machine guns.
The Hurricane turned out to be a reliable, easy to manage and agile fighter. Its survival rate was high, and it became well-loved by its pilots.
Even before prototype testing in 1936, the Royal Air Force ordered the first series of 600 Hurricanes. All in all, 14,533 of these aircraft were built (including all of the various modified designs).